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Also, although Article III 4 declares a bill of lading to be a mere “prima facie evidence of the receipt by the carrier of the goods”, the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act section 4 upgrades a bill of lading to be “conclusive evidence of receipt”. A controversial provision exempts the carrier from liability for “neglect or default of the master If such an action is brought against a servant or agent of the carrier such servant or agent not being an independent contractorsuch servant or agent shall be entitled to avail himself of the defences and limits of liability which the visy is entitled to invoke under this Convention.

Hague Visby Rules

Each Contracting State shall apply the provisions of this Convention to the Bills of Lading mentioned above. The date on which the present Protocol will come into force in accordance with Article Article 10 This Protocol shall be open for signature by the States which have ratified the Convention or which have adhered thereto before the 23rd Februaryand by any State represented at the twelfth session of the Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Law.

The carrier’s duties are not “strict”, but require only a reasonable standard of professionalism and care; and Article IV allows the carrier a wide range of situations exempting them from liability on a cargo claim.

The downlowd of the amounts recoverable from the carrier, and such servants and agents, shall in no case exceed the limit provided for in this Convention. Article 4 Article 9 of the Convention shall be deleted and replaced by the following: The Hague—Visby Rules were incorporated into English law by the Carriage dpwnload Goods by Sea Act ; and English lawyers should note the provisions of the statute as well as the text of the rules.

Article 8 Any dispute between two or more Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation, shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration.

Article 17 The Belgian Government shall notify the States represented at the twelfth session of the Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Law, the acceding States to this Protocol, and the States Parties to the Convention, of the following: However, the time allowed shall be not less than three months, commencing from the day when the person bringing such action for indemnity has settled the claim or has been served with process in the action against himself”.

The viaby, ratifications and accessions received in accordance with Articles 10, 11 and DONE at Brussels, this 23rd day of Februaryin the French and English languages, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy, which shall remain deposited in the archives of the Belgian Government, which shall issue certified copies.

The Hague Visby Rules (Brussels Protocol) | Bill Of Lading | Law Of Agency

Retrieved from ” https: The other Contracting Parties shall not be bound by this Article with respect to any Contracting Party having made such a reservation. Article 1 1 In Article 3, paragraph 4, shall be added: Democratic Republic of the Congo. This provision is considered unfair to the rownload and both the later Hamburg Rules which require rhles states to denounce the Hague—Visby Rules and Rotterdam Rules which are not yet in force refuse exemption for negligent navigation and management.

JohnsonL. Views Read Edit View history. A Party to this Protocol 1986 have no duty to apply hafue provisions of this Protocol to Bills of Lading issued in a State which is a Party to the Convention but which is not a Party to this Ruules. None of these shippers’ obligations are enforceable under the Rules; instead they would give rise to a normal action in contract. Article 7 As between the Parties to this Protocol, denunciation by any of them of the Convention in accordance with Article 15 thereof, shall not be construed in any way as a denunciation of the Convention as amended by this Protocol.

Article 13 1 This Protocol shall come into force three months after the date of the deposit of ten instruments of ratification or accession, of which at least five shall have been deposited by States that have each a tonnage equal or superior to one million gross tons of tonnage.

Hague Visby Rules

These exemptions dpwnload destruction or damage to the cargo caused by: Nague are a slightly updated version of the original Hague Rules which were drafted in Brussels in Also, whereas the Hague—Visby Rules require a ship to be seaworthy only “before and at the beginning” of the voyage, under the Rotterdam Rules the carrier will have to keep the ship seaworthy throughout the voyage although this downlozd duty will be to a reasonable standard that is subject to the circumstances of being at sea.

This denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which notification thereof has been received by the Belgian Government; it also shall apply to the Convention. If the Rules apply, the entire text of Rules is incorporated into the contract of carriage, and any attempt to exclude the Rules is void under Article III 8.

Article 3 Between Articles 4 and 5 of the Convention shall be inserted the following Article 4 bis: Article 12 1 States, Members of the United Nations or Members of the specialized agencies of the United Nations, not represented at the twelfth session of the Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Law, may accede to this Protocol.

This Article shall not prevent a Contracting State from applying the rules of this Convention to Bills of Lading not included in the preceding paragraphs”. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

It is implicit from the common law that the carrier must not deviate from the agreed route nor from the usual route; but Article IV 4 provides that “any deviation in saving or attempting to save life or property at sea or any reasonable deviation shall not be deemed to be an infringement or breach of these Rules”.